Viticulture and winemaking have deep roots in the history of Lemnos. Hesiod, Aristotle and other writers mention the Lemnia vine, which survives today and is known as Limnio, a red grape which is called Kalampaki on the island. It gives interesting red wines and its cultivation has passed across, to Halkidiki and other regions of Macedonia and Thrace. However, the island is famous for the whites and especially for the sweet wines, dry P.D.O. Lemnos and sweet Muscat of Lemnos. Muscat of Alexandria has the exclusivity of their varietal composition. Poor and volcanic soils of Lemnos favored the cultivation of the variety, which however requires particular attention during the warm summers of the island.